Monotropa uniflora can actually grow in dark environments because it is not dependent on light for photosynthesis. It favors rich habitats-- dense moist forests with much surface leaf litter, often in a situation that is too shaded for autotrophic (photosynthetic) growth. There are relatives of this plant that occur throughout the world.
We saw lots of these on a walk at my sister's house... they look very artistic!!!!!!